Truckload freight definition.
Truckload is a mode of freight for larger shipments that typically occupy more than half and up to the full capacity of a 48’ or 53’ trailer. This method is commonly used when shippers decide they have enough items to fill a truck, want their shipment in a trailer by itself, the freight is time-sensitive or the shipper decides it’s more cost-effective than other options.
Benefits of truckload shipping.
- Faster transit times: Goods that are shipped via full truckload generally arrive at their destination quicker than goods that are shipped via LTL’s hub-and-spoke model.
- Less chance of damage: Full truckload shipments are generally less susceptible to damages as they are handled less times than LTL shipments.
- Rates: If shipments are large enough to require the entire use of a trailer’s space, it could be more cost effective than booking multiple LTL shipments.
Truckload shipping best practices.
- Be informed: Shippers should conduct research to understand the supply and demand of truckload equipment and how it impacts rates.
- Be consistent: Shipping the same amount of freight, on a regular schedule, to the same locations, could help you to secure consistent capacity.
- Be flexible: Shippers that plan ahead and leave time for their shipments to fit a carrier’s schedule could realize cost savings.
- Be efficient: Packaging shipments so they are loaded and unloaded easily will improve efficiency and productivity.
Types of truckload equipment.
- Dry van: Typically used to move dry goods that are not temperature-sensitive.
- Flatbed: This trailer does not have walls and is typically used for shipments that can’t be loaded through trailer doors.
- Refrigerated: The equipment used for these shipments keeps freight at your desired temperature.